The march from Humble Oil to Exxon dates back more than a century
(From the Spindletop gusher of 1901 sprang Exxon Mobil's tale of success)
"Humble Oil and Refining Co. was founded in 1911 in Humble, Texas. In 1919, a 50% interest in Humble was acquired by Standard Oil of New Jersey which acquired the rest of the company in September 1959 & merged with its parent to become Exxon Company, USA in 1973. The Humble Oil Company was chartered by Walter Fondren Sr., and brothers Ross Sterling and Frank Sterling, in February 1911. They were joined by their sister, Florence M. Sterling, who became assistant, & then later full secretary & treasurer of the company. The three siblings were often referred to as the "Trio." On June 21, 1917, the company was re-organized as Humble Oil & Refining Company & incorporated with a capitalization of $1 million. William Stamps Farish II (1881–1942), was the primary organizer. Farish served as vice president for five years & in 1922, he became the president of Humble Oil & Refining Co. In 1933, he became chairman of the board of Standard Oil Company of New Jersey (later Exxon Company), which held substantial stock interest in Humble, and in 1937, he became president of Standard. Humble's restructuring allowed both companies to sell & market gasoline nationwide under the Esso, Enco & Humble brands. The Enco brand was introduced by Humble in the summer of 1960, at stations in Ohio, but was soon blackballed after Standard Oil of Ohio (Sohio) protested that Enco (Humble's acronym for "ENergy COmpany") sounded & looked too much like Esso as it shared the same oval logo with blue border & red letters with the two middle letters the only difference. At that point, the stations in Ohio were rebranded Humble (but the gasoline, motor oil, and lubricant products kept the name Enco) until the name change to Exxon in 1972."
All About the "Good Oil Days"
"Humble, TX has a rich history going back as far as 1824 when David Harris, a member of Stephen F, Austin's colony, received the first land grant in this part of Harris County. By 1869, a Civil War veteran named Pleasant (Plez) Smith Humble migrated to the area & purchased land along the south-side of the San Jacinto River, taking over the operation of a ferry & opening a grocery store. In February 1886, Pleasant Humble took over responsibility for the local mail, most likely out of his store or home. Local legend states that mail carriers from other towns were instructed to "deliver to Humble" meaning Pleasant Humble. Through continued use of this phrase, "Humble" eventually became the name of the town. When the application was made to have a U.S. Post Office established in his town in August 1886, the official name of the town on the application was listed as "Humble, TX". Pleasant Humble became the towns first postmaster in 1886 & was also elected as the local Harris County Justice of the Peace in May 1887. The pronunciation of the town name was based on the way Pleasant Humble spoke his last name with a silent "H", so the town name was pronounced as "Umble". The fortunes of the town improved dramatically on November 7, 1904, when the Moonshine Company struck oil in Humble, TX. Humble became an oil boomtown overnight. The population increased from a few hundred residents to several thousand as Texans descended upon Humble to make their fortunes in the oilfield. At that time, the Humble oil field was the largest producing oilfield in Texas. The "Good Oil Days Festival" was created to celebrate Humble's rich history in the oil industry as well as to bring business into the "hub" of the city."